Resistance training is a specific component of any strength training routine. Technically put, resistant training is any exercise performed against an opposing force produced by a resistance. This resistance can be made from pushing, squeezing, pulling or bending.
The goal in this kind of strength training is to progressively overload the musculoskeletal system so greater strength is achieved. The action at the joint can be moving (isotonic) or unmoving (isometric) against the force.
Doctors recommend strength training as a means of fending off osteoporotic conditions.
Different tools can be used to create resistance in resistance. Elastic bands, rubber tubing, and exercise machines are commonly seen as resistance training methods, but more and more we see Pilates rings and spring-loaded equipment making their way into gyms.
Strength training also includes the use of medicine balls, kettle balls, ankle and wrist weights and good old-fashioned dumbbells. Resistant training and weight training should not be confused with weight lifting, bodybuilding or power lifting where the force is generated from gravity or one?s own bodyweight and performed for sport and competition.
Water aerobics is also a great way to add some strength training to your workouts. Water provides a weight supported atmosphere for your body and is gentle on your joints.
Remember to stretch a bit before you weight train to prepare your muscles to work and stretch after to keep muscle soreness at bay. And as always, if you are just starting a resistance training program, check in with tour doctor to make sure you are healthy enough to start.
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